Nautical Antiques & Marine Art at Land and Sea Collection™ Dive Helmets, Ship Models, Sextants

IMPORTANT ANTIQUE MUSHROOM TWIN BURNER SAILING SHIP BINNACLE CA 1870

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RARE ANTIQUE MUSHROOM TWIN BURNER SAILING SHIP BINNACLE CA 1850

 
 

Presented is an early classic binnacle with a rarely seen mushroom style twin burner hood which was popular on sailing vessels of the Mid 1800's. The mushroom style hood has its original twin lamp burners in towers, one on each side of the hood. The compass is viewed though an elliptical glass opening secured by a rolled metal rim . Arms on either side hold twin iron balls called quadrantal correctors, which have been copper plated for appearance. The use of correctors was invented by James Thomson, later Lord Kelvin in the 1870's to reduce the affects of the ship's magnetic field (deviation) on the compass. The compass has a very old style card which is only marked in Compass Points. It is lighted at night by the original Barton Burners which are marked Birmingham which is in England.
 
PROVENANCE: The prior owner purchased this binnacle 36 years ago in New York, and was told that it came from a Portuguese naval vessel that was captured by the British 150 years ago. The British were said to have renamed the ship HMS Inverness. The ship was eventually iron clad and eventually stripped of its gear and sank in South America. Some of its gear was brought to the United States. In this process the original compass was lost. There is no documentation supporting this, and we can not find any record of an HMS Inverness. However, the binnacle speaks for itself, and one very similar was fitted to HMS DART in service from 1860 to 1884 and is pictured below. Note that in DART"S case a Flinders tube to hold the bar is fitted on the back of the binnacle, and the lamps are missing from their holders.
 
    HMS DART: Similar binnacle to the right. This one has a Flinders tube on its back
 
Furthermore, the construction of this binnacle clearly indicates it was not originally intended for
a metal clad vessel since there are no internal magnets or a Flinders bar, and the quadrantal
corrector brackets look like a later addition. 
The compass in this binnacle is a later version of what was likely installed originally. It is the famous James Thomson - Lord Kelvin, threaded compass card that was introduced around 1870 with the assistance of James White. Kelvin & James White collaborated under a number of business names and in 1913, became Kelvin Bottomley & Baird Ltd. In 1947, they merged with Henry Hughes & Son forming Kelvin & Hughes, Ltd. This one is marked Kelvin & Hughes, Ltd within the north pointing Fleur de Lis, and Kelvin Bottomley & Baird Ltd on the bottom of the white paper insert. Compasses like this are very rare, and command premium prices.

 
 
THE CARD: North is marked by an elaborate Fleur de lis as the North pointer. The compass rose shows the eight cardinal points and is further divided to 1/16 points and then to 32. It measures 10 inches in diameter and has a brass center housing with a gravity fit. Degrees are indicated on the outer perimeter from 0 to 359, and are again inscribed on the compass' bezel. The construction is of paper and thread which are glued together forming the card. This simple arrangement makes the compass have a sensitive gimbal action, and when placed on the top of a pencil and tipped, the compass will rock for several seconds while it seeks North and comes to rest!

CONDITION OF BINNACLE: Considering its age and use at sea for many years, this 
handsomely made antique binnacle with its impressive spun brass mushroom style hood is
in excellent condition overall. Expect to find some dents on the hood and the right burner holder
has two age cracks in the metal. One problem which may bother some people wanting perfection
is that the hood does not fit the lower section properly. It does not seat down as far as it should
or turn once in place. The quadrantal correctors which have been clad in copper over iron
are not believed to be original. The Barton burners are complete, but have not been tried. They
should work when wicks and kerosene are added. Both have had repairs made to their chimneys.
The compass is in sound working order.  All surfaces have been polished some time ago
and have a subdued patina.
 
APPROXIMATE DIMENSIONS:
 
Overall height 59 3/4"                                                                 Maximum width 25 1/2" 
Compass bowl 10 1/2" diameter    
Compass card   8 3/4" diameter                                               Estimated weight 200 pounds
Lamps 11“ H x 4 1/2“ diameter
 
          Original Baron Burners
        Mushroom hood and correctors

OUR UNCONDITIONAL GUARANTEE: If not completely satisfied with your purchase it
may be returned, if without damage, within three days of receipt in its original condition and
packaging. Returns must be insured for their full value. All that is required is a prior email
authorization by us for the return. Unfortunately, no refund can be made for the
cost of shipping, packaging and handling unless we are at fault.

International buyers welcome, but inquire first.  We have satisfied customers in Argentina,
Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Canada, Chile, China, 
Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Denmark, England, France, Germany, Greece, 
Holland, Hong Kong, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Kuwait, Latvia, Martinique, Mexico,
New Zealand, Norway, Nova Scotia, Panama, Poland, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Romania,
Saudi Arabia, Scotland, Singapore, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey,
United Arab Emirates, USVI and the Eastern Caribbean.

SHIPPING: The buyer is responsible for making arrangements for packing and shipping using
his own forwarding agent and carrier. If the buyer wishes to use the seller's assistance for
shipment, he shall hold seller harmless for any damages or loss arising out of their participation. 
Shipping can be arranged through LDG Delivery Service for the U.S. East Coast, and certain
cities in Michigan, and Indiana, and occasional trips to California. Contact L. Drew Gerard,
for quotes. 561-212-7159, Email: 
antiquedelivery@aol.com 

ACCEPTED FORMS OF PAYMENT are Bank wire transfer, cashier's check, money order, or
personal check in which case the item will be held until cleared. No checks from overseas
buyers, no credit cards or PayPal accepted on this item.
 

This important binnacle is an outstanding example of an early design. It is an
 excellent addition to a nautical collection of only the rarest.

Copyright 2008 by Land And Sea Collection ™ , All Rights Reserved

 

RARE ANTIQUE MUSHROOM TWIN BURNER SAILING SHIP BINNACLE CA 1850

 
 

Presented is an early classic binnacle with a rarely seen mushroom style twin burner hood which was popular on sailing vessels of the Mid 1800's. The mushroom style hood has its original twin lamp burners in towers, one on each side of the hood. The compass is viewed though an elliptical glass opening secured by a rolled metal rim . Arms on either side hold twin iron balls called quadrantal correctors, which have been copper plated for appearance. The use of correctors was invented by James Thomson, later Lord Kelvin in the 1870's to reduce the affects of the ship's magnetic field (deviation) on the compass. The compass has a very old style card which is only marked in Compass Points. It is lighted at night by the original Barton Burners which are marked Birmingham which is in England.
 
PROVENANCE: The prior owner purchased this binnacle 36 years ago in New York, and was told that it came from a Portuguese naval vessel that was captured by the British 150 years ago. The British were said to have renamed the ship HMS Inverness. The ship was eventually iron clad and eventually stripped of its gear and sank in South America. Some of its gear was brought to the United States. In this process the original compass was lost. There is no documentation supporting this, and we can not find any record of an HMS Inverness. However, the binnacle speaks for itself, and one very similar was fitted to HMS DART in service from 1860 to 1884 and is pictured below. Note that in DART"S case a Flinders tube to hold the bar is fitted on the back of the binnacle, and the lamps are missing from their holders.
 
    HMS DART: Similar binnacle to the right. This one has a Flinders tube on its back
 
Furthermore, the construction of this binnacle clearly indicates it was not originally intended for
a metal clad vessel since there are no internal magnets or a Flinders bar, and the quadrantal
corrector brackets look like a later addition. 
THE COMPASS: North is identified with a Fleur des Lis, with Iver C. Weilbach, Kopenhagen beneath.
The unusual saucer shaped outer ring of the compass card is graduated in compass points.
The larger subdivisions are in Cardinal Points, N.S,E, and as in German, V for W, and quarter
points, NE,SE,SV,NV, then 1/2 points, 1/8 points and finally 1/16 points. There are 32
points on the compass card, each being 11 1/4 degrees. Etched on the glass is the date
it was last serviced in 1921 and a 1/2 inch square area that was scratched out. This
is a common practice in Scandinavian countries.
 
 
MAKER OF COMPASS: Iver C. Weilbach operations date back to 1755 and makes it
one of the oldest instrument makers still in business, and one of Denmark's oldest surviving
companies. Over the years, they made and distributed binnacle and compass equipment for
all types of vessels. Their mark appears on a wide range of nautical instruments such as
binoculars, barometers, clocks, chronometers, drawing equipment, signal lamps, flags etc.
Today, they are a major distributor of navigation charts and books.
 
CONDITION OF BINNACLE: Considering its age and use at sea for many years, this 
handsomely made antique binnacle with its impressive spun brass mushroom style hood is
in excellent condition overall. Expect to find some dents on the hood and the right burner holder
has two age cracks in the metal. One problem which may bother some people wanting perfection
is that the hood does not fit the lower section properly. It does not seat down as far as it should
or turn once in place. The quadrantal correctors which have been clad in copper over iron
are not believed to be original. The Barton burners are complete, but have not been tried. They
should work when wicks and kerosene are added. Both have had repairs made to their chimneys.
The compass is in sound working order.  All surfaces have been polished some time ago
and have a subdued patina.
 
APPROXIMATE DIMENSIONS:
 
Overall height 59 3/4"                                                                 Maximum width 25 1/2" 
Compass bowl 13 1/4" diameter    
Compass card   8 1/2" diameter                                               Estimated weight 200 pounds
Lamps 11“ H x 4 1/2“ diameter
 
          Original Baron Burners
        Mushroom hood and correctors

OUR UNCONDITIONAL GUARANTEE: If not completely satisfied with your purchase it
may be returned, if without damage, within three days of receipt in its original condition and
packaging. Returns must be insured for their full value. All that is required is a prior email
authorization by us for the return. Unfortunately, no refund can be made for the
cost of shipping, packaging and handling unless we are at fault.

International buyers welcome, but inquire first.  We have satisfied customers in Argentina,
Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Canada, Chile, China, Denmark,
England, France, Germany, Holland, Iceland, Israel, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kuwait, Mexico,
New Zealand, Norway, Nova Scotia, Poland, Romania, Saudi Arabia, Scotland, Singapore,
Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, USVI and the Eastern Caribbean.

SHIPPING: The buyer is responsible for making arrangements for packing and shipping using
his own forwarding agent and carrier. If the buyer wishes to use the seller's assistance for
shipment, he shall hold seller harmless for any damages or loss arising out of their participation. 
Shipping can be arranged through LDG Delivery Service for the U.S. East Coast, and certain
cities in Michigan, and Indiana, and occasional trips to California. Contact L. Drew Gerard,
for quotes. 561-212-7159, Email: 
antiquedelivery@aol.com 

ACCEPTED FORMS OF PAYMENT are Bank wire transfer, cashier's check, money order, or
personal check in which case the item will be held until cleared. No checks from overseas
buyers, no credit cards or PayPal accepted on this item.
 

This important binnacle is an outstanding example of an early design. It is an
 excellent addition to a nautical collection of only the rarest.

Copyright 2008 by Land And Sea Collection ™ , All Rights Reserved