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Pattern 20 DENT Royal Navy Binnacle All Original 1892

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ANTIQUE Pattern 20 DENT ROYAL NAVY BINNACLE
 

This Outstanding Treasure Has Been Sold. Thank you!

ROYAL NAVY PATTERN 20 BINNACLE BOAT COMPASS
BY FAMOUS BRITISH ROYAL NAVY MAKER

DENT & Co!
Famous Dent Pyramid  Binnacle Boat Comppass Patt 20 image

 GUARANTEED ALL ORIGINAL 

 
 
An exceedingly rare wood cased binnacle compass designed like a pyramid?  This is the first completely original Dent Boat Binnacle, Pattern 20, to be offered for sale in recent times. Most are only seen in museums or books.


DIMENSIONS: 13 1/2"W x 14 1/4"H x 8 3/4"D     WEIGHT 29 Pounds

Presented is one of the rarest and handsomest wood cased binnacle compasses ever offered for sale with a weight of 29 pounds. which is packed in a small size package. Its pyramid design by E.J. Dent dates back to sometime before 1862. And the Patt 20 number on the back of the wood case with the Broad Arrow mark along side signifies this is one of the original binnacles made after Dent won the Royal Navy competition. Dent was mainly known for his work in time pieces and chronometers in determining longitude, but the company also invented the liquid compass in 1853, which became the standard for the Royal Navy and the Royal National Lifeboat Institution. In 1859, "Big Ben", the giant clock of Dent's manufacture was put in service at the Houses of Parliament. The Dent company continues in business today as a maker of watches.

CHRONOLOGY: In 1890, four compass makers, consisting of Lilley, Reynolds, Hughes, and Dent were invited by the Admiralty to compete in the design of a new compass that would be suitable for steamboats as well as sailboats and pulling boats. They were to be liquid filled, and it was specified that candles be used for lighting rather than oil lamps since this had proved to be better when used on the newly developed torpedo craft of that early age. At this time, Dent had been making compasses for the Royal Navy for over 50 years, and won the competition on all counts. Its compass was introduced as Pattern 20 in 1892. In 1907, the number was changed to Pattern 182.  It remained in service until the end of WW I. This example still has molten candle wax in one of its Candle Towers.

PROVENANCE:  From the private collection of a well known dealer and collector of nautical antiques deceased and then handed down in his family since 1982.

Dent binnacles lamp tower for candle showing remaing molten way image the opposite reptical is wired for a 12 volt bulb image
              The arrow points to molten wax remnants from the last candle. The opposite tower is wired for a 12 volt bulb.
The

Further Ref. The British National Museum at Greenwich has only an incomplete example of the famous Patt 20 Royal Navy Binnacle which was used by Shackleton on his expedition from Elephant Island to South Georgia. See http://collections.rmg.co.uk/collections/objects/7262.html

This example of a Pattern 20 later changed to Patt 182 pyramid binnacle compass, and its twin lamps is of museum quality, a term we don't use lightly. It shows only superficial wear and minor dents and a naturally aged patina for its 120 plus years of age. It is all original.

 
This Dent binnacle show the Patt 20 mark of the first series between the Broad Arrow mark image
The Patt. 20 mark is on the 1st series of these binnacles issued. The Broad Arrow shows service to the Crown.

THE CASE has a brass hood with a front glazed slanted large beveled glass front port. On the other two sides are slanted panels with a smaller window against which the elegant lamp which contains the candle holder is mounted on the left side. Molten wax is found in the chamber, proof of its originality. Across from it is a duplicate which contains a holder with a receptacle for a small 12 volt bulb. The back panel is solid brass. The top of the binnacle is equipped with a thick folding wood and brass bail holding a Bakelite handle of a round glass viewing port covered by a brass cap. The base has a wood door which opens to expose a lock for the gimbals, and a brass tube which likely held a Findler's bar. Inside the door is pasted a label with details of the compass and binnacle.

All together, it is an impressive example of an important small Royal Navy binnacle that is of the highest grade, and all original.
 
Dent binnacle with open door with maker's label showing image
 
To the left a lever that locks the gimbals. To the right an extra candle holder, then the maker's label on the door and below.

THE CARD has North marked by an elaborate Fleur de les as the pointer. As in most early cards, no degrees are present. Degrees were added to compass cards shortly after the Turn of the 20th Century. The compass rose shows the eight cardinal points and is further divided to 1/16 points and then to 32. Each point is 11 1/4 degrees. The compass measures 6 3/6 inches in diameter. The chamber is clear of sediment and bubbles. 

The name, Dent & Co., is engraved on the card, and the upper brass bezel of the compass is marked No 5242 which is the serial number of the compass and No. 3016 which is the number of the binnacle. The binnacle number appears on the cap at the top of the binnacle with Patt 20. And there is a Broad Arrow Mark. The cap fits over the glass port.

Dent compass card image
       A 19th Century compasscard measured in points of 11 1/4 degees
 
 
 
This very handsome vintage compass with the rare early style wood dovetailed wood case with twin towers holding a candle burner and 12 volt lamp is original throughout.

DIMENSIONS:

Diameter of bowl 5 1/8"
Diameter of card 4 1/2"         
Base 8 3/4" Square              Height 15" with handle raised

WEIGHT  29 pounds

Dent
           As seen from the right side on an angle

 

 DENT'S BRIEF HISTORY:

The history of Dent & Co. spans three centuries of precision watch and clock making in Great Britain. Established in 1814 by Edward J. Dent, the company embraced the Victorian fervor for technological innovation and created precision chronometers to navigate the Royal Navy and guide some of the most intrepid explorers on their voyages. The British Empire was in full expansion and its maritime tradition had produced some remarkable technological breakthroughs from the late 18th century; John Harrison’s triumphant mechanical solution in 1764 to locate a ship’s position at sea won the coveted Board of Longitudes prize money and further consolidated Britain as the horological force in the world.  Propelling the impetus of Britain’s primacy, Dent proved a key player in Victorian horological history manufacturing the Standard Clock at the Royal Observatory, Greenwich which was to keep “Greenwich Mean Time”  the time to which all others in the Empire were referred, (better known today as G.M.T.) and continued to do so until replaced by an electronic clock in 1946.  Dent also made probably the most famous clock in the world - the Great Clock for the Houses of Parliament, familiarly known as Big Ben.

OUR UNCONDITIONAL 'NO NONSENSE“ GUARANTEE: If not completely satisfied with your purchase it may be returned, if without damage, within five days of receipt in its original packaging. Return items must be insured for their full value. Only a prior email authorization by us for the return is required. Shipping charges are refundable if due to our error within the continental United States. 

International buyers welcome, but inquire first. We have satisfied customers in Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Canada, Chile, Republic of China, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Denmark, Estonia, England, France, Germany, Greece, Holland, Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Kuwait, Latvia, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Martinique, Mexico, New Hebrides (Vanuatu), New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Nova Scotia, Panama, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Scotland, Singapore, South Africa, Spain, St. Maarten, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, USVI, Vanuatu (New Hebrides) and the Eastern Caribbean.
 
SHIPPING & PACKING: In the United States this item will ship for $90.00 to the 48 contiguous Sates.
 
STANDARD FORMS OF PAYMENT are Bank wire transfer, cashier's check, money order, or personal check in which case the item will be held until cleared. Our prices are quoted net to us so that the use of credit cards or PayPal incur extra charges. Terms on overseas sales are different. 
 
Copyright 2014 by Land And Sea Collection™, All Rights Reserved

This represents a chance to own a very scarce Royal Navy wood cased pyramid boat binnacle of exceptional design and quality made by the world renown Dent & Co.