Nautical Antiques & Marine Art at Land and Sea Collection™ Dive Helmets, Ship Models, Sextants

Octant Anchor Imprint Advanced Features Ca 1780

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This Important Relic Has Been Sold. Thank you!
 
ADVANCED LATE PERIOD OCTANT
 ANCHOR IMPRINT & TELESCOPE
Ca 1780

 
PRESENTED is a mariner's octant fitted with a telescope and a handsome handle which is a rare embellishment on octants of this design and period. It has an imprint of a partial anchor on the arc between  45; and 50 and likely dates to the last half of the 18th C.  The most famous maker to use this mark was Jesse Ramsden. It was Ramsden who invented the dividing machine which allowed for the precision marking of degrees on an instrument's arc in 1775.

This instrument is smaller, but still oversize version of the Hadley octant in which the "double reflecting" principal was introduced by Hadley to the Royal Society in London in 1731. Hadley began selling octants shortly thereafter which had a vertical dimension of 17" or more. The instrument here is 14 inches on the vertical. It has recently been polished and lacquered, and is in a remarkable well preserved condition considering its 230 year age and use at sea. You may read the Condition Statement for details.

The cross member, which looks to be original ivory is unmarked. This is not unusual as many instruments were made for the retailer or an owner to imprint their name which frequently was not done

LABEL AND MARKINGS: 

Charles Gedney King was the son of Gedney King II, Nautical Instrument Maker, whom he partnered with in 1832 under the firm name of Gedney King & Son until he took over the firm in 1839 which dates the inspection certificate and in turn the octant to these dates. The firm was housed at 7 Broad St., Boston as of this date, and continued in business until 1858. It is rare to find an instrument with a certificate of inspection which makes this an important relic.

ANCHOR MARK: You can clearly see the flukes of an anchor between 45 and 50 position on the arc. The anchor mark is best known as that of Jessie Ramsden, but others have used it. Ramsden is the English instrument maker who invented the dividing machine which allowed for the precision indexing of degrees on an instrument's arc.

                Rare certificate of inspection Ca 1839


JESSE RAMSDEN, ONE OF ENGLAND'S MOST IMPORTANT INSTRUMENT MAKER'S HISTORY: Jesse Ramsden (1735-1800)
 
Ramsden was one of the most famous English scientific-instrument makers of the second half of the eighteenth century. In 1775, he invented a semi-automatic dividing machine, capable of marking graduated scales on sextants and other nautical and astronomical instruments for his own instruments and provided the same to other mathematical instrument makers. He developed improvements in the manufacture of sextants, theodolites, barometers, micrometers, and countless other devices. One of the most important instruments built by him is the great astronomical circle of the Palermo Observatory. In 1786, elected fellow of the Royal Society of London and, eight years later, member of the Imperial Academy of Saint Petersburg. In 1795, won the Copley Medal, the highest scientific award of his time: the prize was established in 1736 by the Royal Society, thanks to a bequest from Sir Godfrey Copley.

                Arc engraver's mark between 50 & 45

The accuracy and sharpness of the arc's numerals suggest that this instrument was made by an advanced  instrument maker, one who would stand at the top of his trade. The frame has features that are very advanced for the instruments age.
For details on how we dated this instrument, see below.
             Horizon mirror & shades 
              Index mirror & telescope
DATING THE INSTRUMENT: The arc measures from - 5 to plus 95 degrees on a Ebony frame which is in excellent condition. It is known that Mahogany went out of use in favor of Ebony some time after 1750. The octant has a  brass index arm with stiffening brace that measures 14 inches, with a tangent screw. Tangent screws began replacing finger clamps in the last quarter of the 18th Century. The horizon mirror is mounted on an adjustable turntable. Its base can be rotated by loosening a screw which locks the mirror's position. There are two full sets of shades. Three for the index mirror and two for the horizon mirror. The ivory vernier scale, reads from right to left from 20 to 0 arc minutes. The telescope appears to be a later addition since the ring holding is split to accommodate the scopes body. There is a screw on the rings side which may have held a shade if ring originally had a peep sight. The adjustable tangent screw, followed the use of the index arm clamp which ended around the last quarter if the 1800's.

All of these features date the instrument after 1750 and before 1800. See Peter Ifland's comprehensive sextant work, "Taking the Stars". particularly figure 64, page 57.

The Gedney King & Son label on the case confirms this dating, and may indicate a change in ownership at the time this service was performed.
   Old style vernier reading from 0 at right
 Period keystone case. Brass handle & lock

CONDITION: The instrument is in excellent condition. The graduated arc, and all its hardware are in working order. All three bronze legs are original. It has the original ivory pencil holder on the cross bar, but the pad on the is missing. The mirrors both have remnants of silvering, but show their age. The machinery has recently been polished and lacquered.

THE CASE is the later style keystone design of this period. Both the top and bottom have age cracks and numerous holes from fastenings added to keep them secure. The corner of the cover is missing, as is apiece on the bottom. A forged brass handle, and metal corner guards at the front have been fitted. The inside has an instrument maker's label of which only “Boston“ is legible. There are also remnants of a second label. In addition there is a canvas pouch and a wood holder for something. The top has a long age crack from front to back that has been repaired by a piece of sheet copper that is nailed from the inside. The upper piece has a short age crack from side to side. It also is slightly warped and does not register exactly when closed. Otherwise it is strong and sturdy, and the octant fits as it should. There is an old pad lock in place, but no key which is a substitute to an earlier fitted lock. There are two hooks and eyes to secure it.

                          Case has two pockets & one label and remnant

                      Interesting and rare factory handle

All in all, a rare, desirable, and special example of a late Hadley style octant.

DIMENSIONS:

  • Arc reads - 5 to +95 degrees
  • Length of index arm 14" long
  • Width of frame at arc 11 1/2 " wide
  • Index mirror 45 x 32 mm
  • Horizon mirror - 25 x 21 mm
  • Five shade glasses
  • Telescope
  • Weight 2 Lbs 14 oz
OUR QUALIFICATIONS: We are one of the few company's still selling navigation instruments that know anything about them. For purposes of judging whether Joel's opinion counts, he was the editor of the chapter on sextants of the 1977 Edition of "Bowditch", The American Practical Navigator, NAVPUB 9; a member of the U.S. Naval Academy Navigation Symposium Board, 1975 -1978; the author of a book on marine sextants, Cornell Maritime Press,1975, and the founding president of Nautech Maritime Corporation which partnered with Tamaya of Japan in the introduction of the MS 733 Spica, the MS 833, Jupiter, MS 933 Venus sextants and the famous NC-2 navigation computer, in the U.S. market. Joel is also a retired Master Mariner, and held a U.S. Navy "D" Qualification as a Senior Skipper - Oceans. From 1995 through 2000, he served as a Varsity Offshore Sailing Team coach at the U.S. Naval Academy.
 
OUR UNCONDITIONAL NO NONSENSE GUARANTEE: If not completely satisfied with your purchase it may be returned, if without damage, within three days of receipt in its original packaging. Return items must be insured for their full value. Only a prior email authorization by us for the return is required. Shipping charges are  included in this offer if the error is due to our fault.

International buyers welcome, but must inquire first. We have satisfied customers in Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Canada, Chile, China, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Denmark, Estonia, England, France, Germany, Greece, Holland, Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Kuwait, Luxembourg, Latvia, Malaysia, Martinique, Mexico, New Zealand, Norway, Nova Scotia, Panama, Poland, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Romania, Saudi Arabia, Scotland, Singapore, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, USVI and the Eastern Caribbean.  

ACCEPTED FORMS OF PAYMENT are Bank wire transfer, cashier's check, money order, or personal check in which case the item will be held until cleared. No credit cards or PayPal accepted on this item.

Buy this very special early octant Now! What a great find for that special person who can appreciate it.

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