KING GEORGE I MINIATURE SHIP’S CANNON
miniature ships barrel dates from the about 1690. Made in England, the barrel is stamped, with
a GR > royal crown cartouche to the left of the touch hole and a royal crown Broad Arrow cartouche
to the right. Presented
is a bronze barreled miniature cannon barrel which is mounted on an oak wood carriage that dates from about
1690. The trunions are placed below the center line of the barrel which indicates that it was likely made prior to 1725. The
picture also shows the area of the barrel whithout a patina. SIGNIFICANCE
OF TRUNNION PLACEMENT:> Trunnions are the cylinders projecting from the side of the tube. They
were first introduced in cannons in 1705. Their placement on the barrel helps to date when the cannon was made. Before 1725
they were located low down as in this case. 1725, is when the so-called Cronstedt system was established. After
the Cronstedt system was established, trunnions were placed at the middle of the tube just forward of the center of mass.
Based on the location of the trunnions, it can be concluded that most cannons with this placement were likely cast before
1725. When it comes to the building material of the cannons, the Cronstedt system focused on those made out of iron only.
Since this cannon is of bronze, the dating is not entirely conclusive and we believe it was made late in the seventeenth
The cannon is being sold for display purposes only. No attempt should be made to fire it!
DIMENSIONS: overall 8 3/8″ Weight 2
pounds 6 3/8 oz Length barrel 6.15″ Bore 17/32″ or .53 Cal
Diameter at last reinforcing band 1.30.35″ Diameter at 1st reinforcing band .90″
Maximum Width 3.39″
Carriage 2.46″ H x 3.39″ W x 2.21.45″ L x 1.08.80″ Dia. wheels.
GEORGE I (George Louis; German: Georg Ludwig; 28 May 1660 – 11 June 1727) was King of Great Britain and Ireland from 1 August
1714 until his death, and ruler of the Duchy and Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) in the Holy Roman Empire
from 1698. George was born in Hanover and inherited the titles and lands of the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg from his father and uncles.
A succession of European wars expanded his German domains during his lifetime, and in 1708 he was ratified as prince-elector
of Hanover. At the age of 54, after the death of Queen Anne of Great Britain, George ascended the British throne as the first
monarch of the House of Hanover. Although over fifty Roman Catholics bore closer blood relationships to Anne, the Act of Settlement
1701 prohibited Catholics from inheriting the British throne; George was Anne’s closest living Protestant relative. In
reaction, Jacobites attempted to depose George and replace him with Anne’s Catholic half-brother, James Francis Edward
Stuart, but their attempts failed. During
George’s reign, the powers of the monarchy diminished and Britain began a transition to the modern system of cabinet government
led by a prime minister. Towards the end of his reign, actual power was held by Sir Robert Walpole, now recognized as Britain’s
first de facto prime minister. George died on a trip to his native Hanover, where he was buried.
CONDITION: The touch
hole is open to the bore. The original wood carriage is in excellent condition. There are the
expected marks of age consisting of old small dings on the top and bottom of the barrel. The bronze has
a pleasing patina ranging in color from light to dark black. There is little to no patina on the underside of the barrel
which is pictured below the second paragraph. There is some roughness around the touch hole which may indicate that it
has been fired, which we do not recommend.
barrel, pictured above, is stamped with a royal crown over GR standing for George Rex. The other picture
shows both imprints the upper being a royal crown with a Board Arrow mark beneath a royal crown signifying
in the king’s service.
The picture below shows a three quarter view of
the front of the George I ship’s cannon with the elevation block removed raising the barrel and is over the same
type view showing the rear of the cannon which has the elevation block in place. The carriage has a slight warp on the rear