Horse Head Georgian Era Officer’s Short Sword

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Close up of Horse Head cutlass hilt image

is an Georgian Period King George III, (1738-1820) very rare Horse Head officer’s short sword which measures 28 1/4 inches
overall, and has a slightly curved 23 1/2 inch blade. The wide single fuller, from the ricasso to the tip is 23 inches long
by 1 inch wide. The 3/8 inch spine is faintly engraved Solingen. At one time, the dark brown to black blade may have
been finished in niter blue with gold wash, of which some remnants remain at the edge of both ricassos. The obverse blade
is engraved with a royal crown over a large “GR” surrounded on either side by floral decorations. The reverse blade
near the center carries the Royal Crest of the United Kingdom appearing to be the pattern of 1714-1800 surrounded on either
side by floral decorations.

The magnificent
Horse Head pommel has a full back strap with the horse’s main extending from the carefully chiseled horse
head to the cross guard. The beautiful workmanship appears to be of French creation. The hilt is tight with the blade.
The cross guard quillions are tipped with floral caps and a chain knuckle guard. The bleached bone grip is wrapped with
seven turns of a tightly wound single wire made in the form of a tight spring. Much of the gold wash remains
on the hilt. It would be an understatement to ignore that the hilt is a magnificent and important antique weapon.
If only we knew its story.

Obverse hilt of the Edwardian Horse Head sword image
Close up of reverse hilt of horse head sword image

of the hilt of both sides of the Napoleonic Era Georgian cutlass

The black
leather is in remarkable condition with all stitching tight and present and little scuffing or degradation. The
throat and tip fittings are copper which at one time may have been gilded. There is a single carrying ring on the throat band
as well as a throg. 

Napoleonic Edwardian Period Horse Headbard image

The Napoleonic Era Georgian Horse Head cutlass

blade engraved with GR
 under a royal crown with floral
designs surrounding. Obverse blade carries the British Royal Crest of the United Kingdom Ca 1714 – 1800.
The spine is lightly marked Solingen. There are no markings on the scabbard’s copper work.

British marking on both side of the Horse Head blade image

Blade Markings: Crown over “GR” on the left
and engraved Ca 1800 British Royal Crest to right

Looking down the spine of the horse head sword with Solingen marking image

View of the spine with Solingen marking

The tip of the horse head scabbard image
The reverse throat of the Edwardian Napolionic Era horse head scabbard image

Showing close-up of tight stitching of the scabbard and throat and tip copper fittings


to what has been described elsewhere, the blade and hilt are tight. The blade has turned dark brown
to black with age with various small nicks along the cutting edge. The wide fuller carries all the way to the point
which is common to many English short swords of the 18th Century. The scabbard is surprisingly good condition with
little loss and all tight stitching present. There is a throg to attach to a belt.

Obverse of Edwardian Horse Head scabbard image

Obverse of the Napoleonic Era Edwardian Horse Head
Cutlass’s scabbard


Cutlass 28 1/4″ long overall.    23″ blade length    
Max width of blade 1″ 
Max thickness 3/8″     Total weight 1 lbs. 9
oz.       Weight Cutlass 1 lbs 2 oz

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